Preventing Kidney Stones in Children
Preventing kidney stones in your child starts with determining why the stones are forming in the first place. Once the stone has passed or has been surgically removed, a metabolic evaluation can be performed to determine risk factors such as family history and diet.
Some steps you can take to help your child avoid forming future kidney stones include:
- Stay well hydrated. Make sure your child is drinking an adequate amount of fluid.
- Limit carbonated beverages and sports drinks which contain higher levels of sodium. Water is best for staying hydrated. Lemonade made with real lemon juice has citrate which can also be good for the urinary system.
- Cut the salt. Limit the amount of sodium in your child’s diet. Don’t add salt to food and take the salt shaker off the table to avoid temptation. Limit eating out, fast foods, and processed foods which also contribute to higher sodium intake. Decreasing urinary sodium also decreases urinary calcium, which are leading culprits in kidney stone formation.
- Eat the rainbow. Make sure your child is eating fruits and vegetables of all colors for a healthy, well-balanced diet.
- Stay active and fit. Some research suggests a link between obesity and the formation of kidney stones. Keep your child active and fit and at a healthy weight for his or her age.
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